Image of God
Gnosticism is a spiritual doctrine that existed already at the time around the birth of Christianity and from which early Christianity chose to distance itself (Kärvfe, yyyy; NN, yy). According to Gnosticism, there exists an almighty and perfect god, but it is not he who is responsible for making our world look the way it does. This is instead explained by a kind of auxiliary god that is not perfect, the so-called Demiurgen. The fact that the world looks the way it does is ultimately due to its faults and shortcomings and because we humans have traits of the latter. The view of the state of humanity and the way forward, as the interviewees presented this, somehow seems "darker" and more mysterious compared to how the other respondents described this.
Kärfve ( 1998, p. 21) wants to merge the new spirituality with Gnosticism. This is possibly fruitful from a religious perspective, but from a psychological or psychoanalytic perspective, it can probably lead to errors. One impression is respondents with a Gnostic worldview have responded more "religiously" and in some sense more meekly than the others in the group. They have not expressed the same strong belief in progression and individual sovereignty, for example, which there can probably be something healthy about. The most heartfelt description of God was one of the Gnostics in the group, although he also wrestled with duality personal-impersonal. Gnosticism seems to be also psychologically a middle between traditional religion and newness.